VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):澳大利亚打造超级望远镜
日期:2021-06-09 16:25

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Australia to Build Super Telescope

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Australian scientists are leading an international project to build an extremely powerful ground-based telescope. The scientists say the machine will provide a deeper and clearer look into space than the Hubble Space Telescope.

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The telescope's short name is MAVIS. That stands for Multi-conjugate-adaptive-optics Assisted Visible Imager and Spectrograph.

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It is designed to correct a problem common to Earth based telescopes: image blurring caused by atmospheric conditions.

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Scientists in Australia say the new technology will help them explore how the first stars formed 13 billion years ago. The telescope will also examine changes in the weather on planets and moons in our solar system.

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Images produced by MAVIS are expected to be three times clearer than the Hubble Space Telescope. Launched in 1990, Hubble orbits Earth from about 550 kilometers away, well outside the planet's atmosphere.

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Richard McDermid of Macquarie University in Sydney says the new telescope will change the way we explore space.

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He said the telescope will permit scientists "to push into a new frontier of the furthest and faintest things we can see."

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The new view will include the universe's earliest galaxies. This also means an exploration of the past, McDermid explained, "because when we look far away in astronomy we are also looking far back in time because it takes time for the light to reach us."

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The telescope will be placed in Chile and run by the European Southern Observatory, a research organization based in Germany. It is expected to take seven years to build and cost $44 million.

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The MAVIS team is led by The Australian National University. The team also includes scientists from Macquarie University, Italy's National Institute for Astrophysics and France's Laboratoire d'Astrophysique.

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I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

重点讲解:
1. solar system 太阳系

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Saturn is the second biggest planet in the solar system.

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土星是太阳系的第二大的行星94qOtSc)rB2

2. push into 推进;推动

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The firm has begun a major push into the European market.

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这家公司已展开了对欧洲市场的重要攻势nqy)SK.%EEUwmV_

3. look back 回顾;回头看

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I will look back at this one with undiluted pleasure

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回顾此事,我会无比地开心uQzCT~84zk_~V

4. take time to do 花时间做某事

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It takes time and patience to photograph wildlife.

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拍摄野生动物要肯花时间,要有毅力p.lY(+o(X#sygOa9|EYv

参考译文

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澳大利亚欲耗巨资打造超级望远镜

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澳大利亚科学家正在主导一个国际项目——打造一台非常强大的地面望远镜yc5BLpus1oR.Jv(DUWhD。科学家们表示,相比哈勃太空望远镜,这台望远镜可以更远距离、更清晰地观测太空QTT~!QkG3i

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这台望远镜的简称是MAVISemv~L~9M5~MObA8^dppi。全名为“多层共轭自适应光学辅助可见光成像仪和光谱仪”,_W~I;mKfhZCNF5tORxu

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这台望远镜的纠正地球望远镜一个常见问题:由大气状况引发的图像模糊3FU0r*zQ7vP.

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澳大利亚科学家表示,这项新技术将帮助他们探索第一批恒星在130亿年前是如何形成的vH6S9k[(XDt。这台望远镜还将考察太阳系中行星和卫星的天气变化&;yksSm(swfg^&nhBm

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MAVIS呈现的图像预计比哈勃太空望远镜清晰三倍*%uG_Pw!s[aaW。哈勃望远镜于1990年发射升空,围绕地球以外大约550公里的轨道运行,远离地球的大气层J;BhjpKQF!B

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悉尼麦考瑞大学的理查德·麦克德米德(Richard McDermid)表示,这台新式望远镜将改变我们探索太空的方式5S%r;Rbse5;L^

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他说,这台望远镜能让科学家“进入我们能够看到的更遥远、更细微事物的新领域B|Ae61bGiv^@2。”

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新的视野将包括宇宙中最早的星系KDTPcD|ab9Cpd。麦克德米德解释称,这也意味着对过去的探索,“因为当我们在天文学中遥望远方时,我们也是在回望过去,因为光需要时间才能到达我们身边].~s=hH2hTHz5t。”

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这台望远镜将安放在智利,由位于德国的研究机构欧洲南方天文台运营[email protected]*u^,D。预计建造时间为7年,耗资4400万美元oQXfPEILV6M_Y

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MAVIS团队由澳大利亚国立大学领导s#DK)etyI!0。这个团队还包括来自麦考瑞大学、意大利国家天体物理学研究所和法国天体物理学实验室的科学家b=vPjTl;)]ByCc

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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